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Old 02-04-2021, 01:17 PM
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Default How to Live off the Grid

How to Live off the Grid


Living off the grid means living without connections to sewer, water, and electrical lines. It also often entails living a minimalist lifestyle, reducing waste, and spending only on necessities. To prepare yourself to live off the grid, take some classes and read some books about farming, homesteading, and other skills you’ll need. Keep an eye out for real estate or an off-the-grid community that suits your purposes, and think about the kind of home you want before making the jump.



Method
1
Disconnecting from Public Utilities
Live off the Grid Step 1
1
Install a solar power system. Off-the-grid living requires that you develop energy-independence for your home. The best option is to retrofit your home with solar panels. Consult a solar power installation company in your area to get a better idea of how you can connect your home to a solar panel system.[1]
Total installation costs of an average solar power system – including solar panels, a battery, a backup generator, and professional installation – averages around $40,000 USD.

Live off the Grid Step 2
2
Have a backup power supply installed. A backup system can supplement your solar panels, which can come in handy on cloudy days. If you’re near a river or creek, you could get a micro hydropower turbine installed as a backup system. Otherwise, you could get a wind turbine installed near your house. Talk to renewable energy companies in your area about your options and, if you wish, get a backup system installed.[2]
A domestic wind turbine costs around $10,000 USD.
Micro hydropower turbines have a wide range of costs. A small one can cost around $7,000 USD, while a large one (which produces more power) can cost over $55,000 USD.
Live off the Grid Step 3
3
Reduce your energy usage. Since you’re using electricity off the grid, it’s important to take steps to ensure you don’t use too much power. To keep energy costs low, replace incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs. This simple change can reduce electricity use by 75%. Additionally, turn lights, TVs, and other appliances off when you’re not using them.[3]
Live off the Grid Step 4
4
Drill a well. Since you won’t be connected to a central water system, you’ll need to use well water. Getting a well drilled will cost somewhere in the neighborhood of around $7,000 USD.
Live off the Grid Step 5
5
Get a septic tank installed. A septic tank is a watertight chamber that collects sewage in the absence of a sewer system. Having a septic tank installed generally costs around $5,000 USD.[4]
The septic tank will need to be emptied by a vacuum truck periodically.

Live off the Grid Step 6
6
Have a greywater system installed. A greywater system will treat water used in dishwashing, sinks, showers, and baths so that it can be used again. While it’s less of a necessity than a septic tank or a well, greywater systems can extend the lifetime of your well by allowing you to use water that has already been pumped up to the surface.[5]
Recycled greywater can be used as toilet water or in irrigation.
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